File : a-exextr.adb

--                                                                          --
--                         GNAT COMPILER COMPONENTS                         --
--                                                                          --
--                      ADA.EXCEPTIONS.EXCEPTION_TRACES                     --
--                                                                          --
--                                 B o d y                                  --
--                                                                          --
--          Copyright (C) 1992-2010, Free Software Foundation, Inc.         --
--                                                                          --
-- GNAT is free software;  you can  redistribute it  and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the  GNU General Public License as published  by the Free Soft- --
-- ware  Foundation;  either version 3,  or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion.  GNAT is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY;  without even the  implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.                                     --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
-- You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and    --
-- a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;     --
-- see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively.  If not, see    --
-- <>.                                          --
--                                                                          --
-- GNAT was originally developed  by the GNAT team at  New York University. --
-- Extensive contributions were provided by Ada Core Technologies Inc.      --
--                                                                          --

with Ada.Unchecked_Conversion;

pragma Warnings (Off);
with Ada.Exceptions.Last_Chance_Handler;
pragma Warnings (On);
--  Bring last chance handler into closure

separate (Ada.Exceptions)
package body Exception_Traces is

   Nline : constant String := String'(1 => ASCII.LF);
   --  Convenient shortcut

   type Exception_Action is access procedure (E : Exception_Occurrence);
   Global_Action : Exception_Action := null;
   pragma Export
     (Ada, Global_Action, "__gnat_exception_actions_global_action");
   --  Global action, executed whenever an exception is raised.  Changing the
   --  export name must be coordinated with code in g-excact.adb.

   Raise_Hook_Initialized : Boolean := False;
   pragma Export
     (Ada, Raise_Hook_Initialized, "__gnat_exception_actions_initialized");

   procedure Last_Chance_Handler (Except : Exception_Occurrence);
   pragma Import (C, Last_Chance_Handler, "__gnat_last_chance_handler");
   pragma No_Return (Last_Chance_Handler);
   --  Users can replace the default version of this routine,
   --  Ada.Exceptions.Last_Chance_Handler.

   function To_Action is new Ada.Unchecked_Conversion
     (Raise_Action, Exception_Action);

   -- Local Subprograms --

   procedure Notify_Exception (Excep : EOA; Is_Unhandled : Boolean);
   --  Factorizes the common processing for Notify_Handled_Exception and
   --  Notify_Unhandled_Exception. Is_Unhandled is set to True only in the
   --  latter case because Notify_Handled_Exception may be called for an
   --  actually unhandled occurrence in the Front-End-SJLJ case.

   -- Import Run-Time C Routines --

   --  The purpose of the following pragma Import is to ensure that we
   --  generate appropriate subprogram descriptors for all C routines in
   --  the standard GNAT library that can raise exceptions. This ensures
   --  that the exception propagation can properly find these routines

   pragma Propagate_Exceptions;

   -- Notify_Exception --

   procedure Notify_Exception (Excep : EOA; Is_Unhandled : Boolean) is
      --  Output the exception information required by the Exception_Trace
      --  configuration. Take care not to output information about internal
      --  exceptions.

      --  ??? In the Front-End ZCX case, the traceback entries we have at this
      --  point only include the ones we stored while walking up the stack *up
      --  to the handler*. All the frames above the subprogram in which the
      --  handler is found are missing.

      if not Excep.Id.Not_Handled_By_Others
        and then
          (Exception_Trace = Every_Raise
            or else (Exception_Trace = Unhandled_Raise and then Is_Unhandled))
         --  Exception trace messages need to be protected when several tasks
         --  can issue them at the same time.

         To_Stderr (Nline);

         if Is_Unhandled then
            To_Stderr ("Unhandled ");
         end if;

         To_Stderr ("Exception raised");
         To_Stderr (Nline);
         To_Stderr (Tailored_Exception_Information (Excep.all));
      end if;

      --  Call the user-specific actions
      --  ??? We should presumably look at the reraise status here.

      if Raise_Hook_Initialized
        and then Exception_Data_Ptr (Excep.Id).Raise_Hook /= null
         To_Action (Exception_Data_Ptr (Excep.Id).Raise_Hook) (Excep.all);
      end if;

      if Global_Action /= null then
         Global_Action (Excep.all);
      end if;
   end Notify_Exception;

   -- Notify_Handled_Exception --

   procedure Notify_Handled_Exception is
      Notify_Exception (Get_Current_Excep.all, Is_Unhandled => False);
   end Notify_Handled_Exception;

   -- Notify_Unhandled_Exception --

   procedure Notify_Unhandled_Exception is
      Excep : constant EOA := Get_Current_Excep.all;

      --  Check whether there is any termination handler to be executed for
      --  the environment task, and execute it if needed. Here we handle both
      --  the Abnormal and Unhandled_Exception task termination. Normal
      --  task termination routine is executed elsewhere (either in the
      --  Task_Wrapper or in the Adafinal routine for the environment task).

      Task_Termination_Handler.all (Excep.all);

      Notify_Exception (Excep, Is_Unhandled => True);
      Debug_Unhandled_Exception (SSL.Exception_Data_Ptr (Excep.Id));
   end Notify_Unhandled_Exception;

   -- Unhandled_Exception_Terminate --

   procedure Unhandled_Exception_Terminate is
      Excep : constant EOA := Save_Occurrence (Get_Current_Excep.all.all);
      --  This occurrence will be used to display a message after finalization.
      --  It is necessary to save a copy here, or else the designated value
      --  could be overwritten if an exception is raised during finalization
      --  (even if that exception is caught).

      Last_Chance_Handler (Excep.all);
   end Unhandled_Exception_Terminate;

   -- Handling GNAT.Exception_Traces --

   --  The bulk of exception traces output is centralized in Notify_Exception,
   --  for both the Handled and Unhandled cases. Extra task specific output is
   --  triggered in the task wrapper for unhandled occurrences in tasks. It is
   --  not performed in this unit to avoid dragging dependencies against the
   --  tasking units here.

   --  We used to rely on the output performed by Unhanded_Exception_Terminate
   --  for the case of an unhandled occurrence in the environment thread, and
   --  the task wrapper was responsible for the whole output in the tasking
   --  case.

   --  This initial scheme had a drawback: the output from Terminate only
   --  occurs after finalization is done, which means possibly never if some
   --  tasks keep hanging around.

   --  The first "presumably obvious" fix consists in moving the Terminate
   --  output before the finalization. It has not been retained because it
   --  introduces annoying changes in output orders when the finalization
   --  itself issues outputs, this also in "regular" cases not resorting to
   --  Exception_Traces.

   --  Today's solution has the advantage of simplicity and better isolates
   --  the Exception_Traces machinery.

   --  It currently outputs the information about unhandled exceptions twice
   --  in the environment thread, once in the notification routine and once in
   --  the termination routine. Avoiding the second output is possible but so
   --  far has been considered undesirable. It would mean changing the order
   --  of outputs between the two runs with or without exception traces, while
   --  it seems preferable to only have additional outputs in the former
   --  case.

end Exception_Traces;