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--                                                                          --
--                GNAT RUN-TIME LIBRARY (GNARL) COMPONENTS                  --
--                                                                          --
--                SYSTEM.TASKING.PROTECTED_OBJECTS.ENTRIES                  --
--                                                                          --
--                                  S p e c                                 --
--                                                                          --
--          Copyright (C) 1992-2009, Free Software Foundation, Inc.         --
--                                                                          --
-- GNARL is free software; you can  redistribute it  and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the  GNU General Public License as published  by the Free Soft- --
-- ware  Foundation;  either version 3,  or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion.  GNAT is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY;  without even the  implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.                                     --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
--                                                                          --
-- You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and    --
-- a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;     --
-- see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively.  If not, see    --
-- <>.                                          --
--                                                                          --
-- GNARL was developed by the GNARL team at Florida State University.       --
-- Extensive contributions were provided by Ada Core Technologies, Inc.     --
--                                                                          --

--  This package contains all simple primitives related to Protected_Objects
--  with entries (i.e init, lock, unlock).

--  The handling of protected objects with no entries is done in
--  System.Tasking.Protected_Objects, the complex routines for protected
--  objects with entries in System.Tasking.Protected_Objects.Operations.

--  The split between Entries and Operations is needed to break circular
--  dependencies inside the run time.

--  Note: the compiler generates direct calls to this interface, via Rtsfind.
--  Any changes to this interface may require corresponding compiler changes.

with Ada.Finalization;
with Ada.Unchecked_Conversion;

package System.Tasking.Protected_Objects.Entries is
   pragma Elaborate_Body;

   subtype Positive_Protected_Entry_Index is
     Protected_Entry_Index range  1 .. Protected_Entry_Index'Last;

   type Find_Body_Index_Access is access
       (O : System.Address;
        E : Protected_Entry_Index)
        return Protected_Entry_Index;

   type Protected_Entry_Body_Array is
     array (Positive_Protected_Entry_Index range <>) of Entry_Body;
   --  This is an array of the executable code for all entry bodies of
   --  a protected type.

   type Protected_Entry_Body_Access is access all Protected_Entry_Body_Array;

   type Protected_Entry_Queue_Array is
     array (Protected_Entry_Index range <>) of Entry_Queue;

   --  This type contains the GNARL state of a protected object. The
   --  application-defined portion of the state (i.e. private objects)
   --  is maintained by the compiler-generated code.
   --  note that there is a simplified version of this type declared in
   --  System.Tasking.PO_Simple that handle the simple case (no entries).

   type Protection_Entries (Num_Entries : Protected_Entry_Index) is new
   with record
      L                 : aliased Task_Primitives.Lock;
      --  The underlying lock associated with a Protection_Entries.
      --  Note that you should never (un)lock Object.L directly, but instead
      --  use Lock_Entries/Unlock_Entries.

      Compiler_Info : System.Address;
      --  Pointer to compiler-generated record representing protected object

      Call_In_Progress : Entry_Call_Link;
      --  Pointer to the entry call being executed (if any)

      Ceiling : System.Any_Priority;
      --  Ceiling priority associated with the protected object

      New_Ceiling : System.Any_Priority;
      --  New ceiling priority associated to the protected object. In case
      --  of assignment of a new ceiling priority to the protected object the
      --  frontend generates a call to set_ceiling to save the new value in
      --  this field. After such assignment this value can be read by means
      --  of the 'Priority attribute, which generates a call to get_ceiling.
      --  However, the ceiling of the protected object will not be changed
      --  until completion of the protected action in which the assignment
      --  has been executed (AARM D.5.2 (10/2)).

      Owner : Task_Id;
      --  This field contains the protected object's owner. Null_Task
      --  indicates that the protected object is not currently being used.
      --  This information is used for detecting the type of potentially
      --  blocking operations described in the ARM 9.5.1, par. 15 (external
      --  calls on a protected subprogram with the same target object as that
      --  of the protected action).

      Old_Base_Priority : System.Any_Priority;
      --  Task's base priority when the protected operation was called

      Pending_Action : Boolean;
      --  Flag indicating that priority has been dipped temporarily in order
      --  to avoid violating the priority ceiling of the lock associated with
      --  this protected object, in Lock_Server. The flag tells Unlock_Server
      --  or Unlock_And_Update_Server to restore the old priority to
      --  Old_Base_Priority. This is needed because of situations (bad
      --  language design?) where one needs to lock a PO but to do so would
      --  violate the priority ceiling. For example, this can happen when an
      --  entry call has been requeued to a lower-priority object, and the
      --  caller then tries to cancel the call while its own priority is
      --  higher than the ceiling of the new PO.

      Finalized : Boolean := False;
      --  Set to True by Finalize to make this routine idempotent

      Entry_Bodies : Protected_Entry_Body_Access;
      --  Pointer to an array containing the executable code for all entry
      --  bodies of a protected type.

      Find_Body_Index : Find_Body_Index_Access;
      --  A function which maps the entry index in a call (which denotes the
      --  queue of the proper entry) into the body of the entry.

      Entry_Queues : Protected_Entry_Queue_Array (1 .. Num_Entries);

      Entry_Names : Entry_Names_Array_Access := null;
      --  An array of string names which denotes entry [family member] names.
      --  The structure is indexed by protected entry index and contains Num_
      --  Entries components.
   end record;

   --  No default initial values for this type, since call records
   --  will need to be re-initialized before every use.

   type Protection_Entries_Access is access all Protection_Entries'Class;
   --  See comments in s-tassta.adb about the implicit call to Current_Master
   --  generated by this declaration.

   function To_Address is
     new Ada.Unchecked_Conversion (Protection_Entries_Access, System.Address);
   function To_Protection is
     new Ada.Unchecked_Conversion (System.Address, Protection_Entries_Access);

   function Get_Ceiling
     (Object : Protection_Entries_Access) return System.Any_Priority;
   --  Returns the new ceiling priority of the protected object

   function Has_Interrupt_Or_Attach_Handler
     (Object : Protection_Entries_Access) return Boolean;
   --  Returns True if an Interrupt_Handler or Attach_Handler pragma applies
   --  to the protected object. That is to say this primitive returns False for
   --  Protection, but is overridden to return True when interrupt handlers are
   --  declared so the check required by C.3.1(11) can be implemented in
   --  System.Tasking.Protected_Objects.Initialize_Protection.

   procedure Initialize_Protection_Entries
     (Object            : Protection_Entries_Access;
      Ceiling_Priority  : Integer;
      Compiler_Info     : System.Address;
      Entry_Bodies      : Protected_Entry_Body_Access;
      Find_Body_Index   : Find_Body_Index_Access;
      Build_Entry_Names : Boolean);
   --  Initialize the Object parameter so that it can be used by the runtime
   --  to keep track of the runtime state of a protected object.

   procedure Lock_Entries (Object : Protection_Entries_Access);
   --  Lock a protected object for write access. Upon return, the caller owns
   --  the lock to this object, and no other call to Lock or Lock_Read_Only
   --  with the same argument will return until the corresponding call to
   --  Unlock has been made by the caller. Program_Error is raised in case of
   --  ceiling violation.

   procedure Lock_Entries
     (Object            : Protection_Entries_Access;
      Ceiling_Violation : out Boolean);
   --  Same as above, but return the ceiling violation status instead of
   --  raising Program_Error.

   procedure Lock_Read_Only_Entries (Object : Protection_Entries_Access);
   --  Lock a protected object for read access. Upon return, the caller owns
   --  the lock for read access, and no other calls to Lock with the same
   --  argument will return until the corresponding call to Unlock has been
   --  made by the caller. Other calls to Lock_Read_Only may (but need not)
   --  return before the call to Unlock, and the corresponding callers will
   --  also own the lock for read access.
   --  Note: we are not currently using this interface, it is provided for
   --  possible future use. At the current time, everyone uses Lock for both
   --  read and write locks.

   procedure Set_Ceiling
     (Object : Protection_Entries_Access;
      Prio   : System.Any_Priority);
   --  Sets the new ceiling priority of the protected object

   procedure Set_Entry_Name
     (Object : Protection_Entries'Class;
      Pos    : Protected_Entry_Index;
      Val    : String_Access);
   --  This is called by the compiler to map a string which denotes an entry
   --  name to a protected entry index.

   procedure Unlock_Entries (Object : Protection_Entries_Access);
   --  Relinquish ownership of the lock for the object represented by the
   --  Object parameter. If this ownership was for write access, or if it was
   --  for read access where there are no other read access locks outstanding,
   --  one (or more, in the case of Lock_Read_Only) of the tasks waiting on
   --  this lock (if any) will be given the lock and allowed to return from
   --  the Lock or Lock_Read_Only call.


   overriding procedure Finalize (Object : in out Protection_Entries);
   --  Clean up a Protection object; in particular, finalize the associated
   --  Lock object.

end System.Tasking.Protected_Objects.Entries;